To add a list of recent files in a menu using Windows Forms in C#, you can follow these steps:

  1. Add a ToolStripMenuItem control to your form’s menu strip. This will be used as a parent menu item for the list of recent files.
  2. Create a method to populate the recent files in the menu. This method should retrieve the list of recent files from a data source (such as a file, database, or application settings). For demonstration purposes, we’ll assume the list is stored in a List<string> called recentFiles.
  3. In the form’s constructor or Load event handler, call the method created in the previous step to populate the recent files.
  4. Handle the Click event of the parent menu item to open the selected recent file.

Here’s an example implementation:

using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Windows.Forms;

namespace YourNamespace
    public partial class YourForm : Form
        private List<string> recentFiles;

        public YourForm()

        private void PopulateRecentFiles()
            // Retrieve recent files from a data source
            // For demonstration purposes, we'll assume the recent files are hard-coded
            recentFiles = new List<string>

            // Clear existing menu items under the parent menu

            // Create menu items for each recent file
            foreach (string file in recentFiles)
                ToolStripMenuItem menuItem = new ToolStripMenuItem(file);
                menuItem.Click += RecentFile_Click;

        private void RecentFile_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
            // Handle the click event to open the selected recent file
            ToolStripMenuItem menuItem = (ToolStripMenuItem)sender;
            string selectedFile = menuItem.Text;

            // Open the selected file using your preferred logic
            // For example:

        private void OpenFile(string filePath)
            // Your logic to open the file goes here
            // For example:
            MessageBox.Show($"Opening file: {filePath}");

In this example, we assume there is a ToolStripMenuItem named recentFilesToolStripMenuItem on the form’s menu strip, which will serve as the parent menu item for the list of recent files. You can adjust the code according to your specific menu structure.

Make sure to replace the dummy logic in OpenFile with your actual implementation for opening files.